Nobel Prize in Physics:
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 with one half to David J. ThoulessUniversity of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA and the other half toF. Duncan M. Haldane Princeton University, NJ, USA and J. MichaelKosterlitz Brown University, Providence, RI, USA for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry:
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 to Jean-Pierre Sauvage University of Strasbourg, France Sir J. Fraser Stoddart Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA and Bernard L. Feringa University of Groningen, the Netherlands for the design and synthesis of molecular machines.
Nobel Peace Prize:
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016 to Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people.
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine:
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute has decided to award the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine toYoshinori Ohsumi (Japan) for his discoveries of mechanisms forautophagy.
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences:
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2016 was awarded jointly to Oliver Hart (United Kingdom) and Bengt Holmstrom (Finland) for their contributions to contract theory.