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Neutrino Observatory project

Approval for the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) Project in Theni, Tamil Nadu, is likely to be announced soon, highly placed.
Neutrino Observatory project
The INO is a Rs 1,600-crore science project conceived nearly 15 years ago and can put India on the world map in the field of neutrino physics. It will house a massive iron detector which will be placed more than a kilometre below the surface of the earth. With a weight of nearly 50,000 tonnes, it will be the largest particle detector in the world, by present standards.
Scientists from nearly 25 institutions across India are involved in this project, and it promises to engage engineers and the industry as the massive detector and tunnel would be built up indigenously, the source said.
In fact, setting up this observatory would mean a revival of a lost opportunity for India because in 1965 pioneering Indian scientists at the Kolar Gold Field (KGF) observatory were among the first in the world to discover traces of the atmospheric neutrinos.
With the closure of KGF mines in the mid-1990s, experimental research on neutrinos came to an end in India.
Now the field has grown and diversified. Initially thought to be a massless particle, the neutrino is now believed to come in three types and have a small mass as well. In this context, fundamental questions such as the mass ordering of different types of neutrino could be answered by experiments planned at the INO.
Subsequently, in 2002, R. Davis (USA) and M. Koshiba (Japan) were awarded the Nobel Prize for their work in this field.
source : THE HINDU 

NITI Aayog or National Institution for Transforming India Aayog

NITI Aayog or National Institution for Transforming India Aayog is the replacement of Planning Commission of India, marking the end of the Nehruvian institution that pioneered India’s five-year planned development approach.
The primary job of the new body—described as a Think-Tank—will be to advise the government on social and economic issues. Unlike the Nehruvian plan panel, the new body will not have the power to disburse funds to central ministries and state governments.

FormedJanuary 1, 2015
HeadquartersNITI Aayog, Sansad Marg, New Delhi - 110001
Agency executiveNarendra Modi, ex officiochairman

Doklam Plateau Issue

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