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Aruna Bahuguna - National Police Academy set to have first woman boss

National Police Academy, the Hyderabad-based alma mater for IPS officers in the country, could soon get a woman chief for the first time in its history.
Aruna Bahuguna, a 1979-batch IPS officer, is tipped to be appointed as the new director of the 65-year-old institution, also known as the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), which is tasked with the training of police leaders.
Ms. Bahuguna (56), who belongs to the Andhra Pradesh cadre, is at present posted as the Special Director General in the country’s largest paramilitary force, CRPF, at its headquarters in the national capital.
The orders for Ms. Bahuguna’s appointment as the new director of the academy would be issued soon, sources said.
The officer, who has served in various positions with Andhra Pradesh police, also holds the distinction of being the first woman SDG in CRPF. She is the second-in-command of the 3 lakh strong force, after the DG.
The post of NPA Director fell vacant after incumbent Subhas Goswami was last month appointed as the DG of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Recruitment 2014 - Last date online 16.01.2014

Union Public Service Commission 
New Delhi

UPSC Advertisement No.20/2013 for various posts

Advt No.20/2013
Advt date 28.12.2013
Last date online 16.01.2014

Posts :
  • Superintendent (Legal) in Law Commission of India, Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law and Justice - 1 Post
  • Professor in Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel Public Grievances and Pensions
    • Political Theory & Constitutional Law - 1 Post

Section 66A of the Information Technology Act

Note: The Information Technology Act, 2000 was amended in 2008. The amended Act which received the assent of the President on February 5, 2009, contains section 66A.

66A. Punishment for sending offensive messages through communication service, etc.
Any person who sends, by means of a computer resource or a communication device,—
(a) any information that is grossly offensive or has menacing character; or
(b) any information which he knows to be false, but for the purpose of causing annoyance, inconvenience, danger, obstruction, insult, injury, criminal intimidation, enmity, hatred or ill will, persistently by making use of such computer resource or a communication device,
(c) any electronic mail or electronic mail message for the purpose of causing annoyance or inconvenience or to deceive or to mislead the addressee or recipient about the origin of such messages,
shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and with fine.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Recruitments 2013 Advertisement No.19/2013 for various posts

Union Public Service Commission 
New Delhi

UPSC Advertisement No.19/2013 for various posts

Advt No.19/2013
Advt date 14.12.2013
Last date online 22.01.2014

Posts :
  • Administrative Officer - 1 Post - Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hisar, Department of Animal Husbandry , Dairing & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture

  • Professor - 2 Posts - National Sugar Institute, Kanpur, Department of Food & Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs Food & Public Distribution


  • Assistant Professor - 2 Posts - National Sugar Institute, Kanpur, Department of Food &

Geography Mains 2013 Paper 1 and Paper 2 for UPSC Civil Service IAS IPS Exam Optional Subject

Geography Paper I Section A
Question 1 (Compulsory)

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 marks x 5 = 50

Differences between Normal cycle and Arid cycle of Davis.
Differentiate Storm Surges and Seiches.
Uniqueness of fauna in the Notogean realm.
Impact of Pleistocene Ice Age on the crust of the Earth.
Types of endemic plants and their degree of vulnerability to extinction.
Question 2

Answer the following in about 250 words each:

With suitable examples, bring out the impact of local winds on the climate of an area. 20
What are the characteristics that make CHC a serious threat to the ecosystem? Give examples. 15
What is ‘Base level’? Explain the types of base level. 15
Question 3

Answer the following in about 250 words each:

“Offshore Acoustic Study helped the development of the concept of sea floor spreading.” Explain.20
Discuss Dew point and the various forms of condensation. 15
Bring out the relationship between climate and vegetation in the Mountain Biome.15
Question 4

Answer the following in about 400 words each:    25 x 2=50

History Optional Subject Paper 1 and 2 of UPSC Civil Service IAS IPS Mains Exam 2013

Question 1: Identify the following places marked on the map into question cum answer booklet supplied to you and right about short notes of 30 words on each of them in the space provided in the booklet. 2.5m x 20= 50 marks

A paleolithic and Mesolithic site
A Mesolithic site
an important halting place
A pre-Harappan site
An important Harappan site
Site of important fossils
A sea port
A paleolithic site
A Neolithic, Megalithic and Chalcolithic site
A harappan site
A palaeolithic site
A Neolithic site
A Chalcolithic site
A Chalcolithic site
A site of Buddhist Monastery
Painted Greyware site
Site related to a famous Indian philosopher
historical rock cut caves
famous fort

General Studies Paper2:(Polity, IR) of UPSC Civil Service Mains Exam 2013

  1. Indian Constitution (40m)

    1. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law, which was legislated but with a different intention?
    2. Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution.
    3. Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the `Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution.
    4. The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution. Discuss critically.

    Fedaralism (30m)

Effects of Industrial Policy Changes on Industrial Growth

Industrial policy changes started in India in a big way from the year 1991 which marked the beginning of economic reforms and LPG. Major changes initiated in 1991 were:
(a) Delicensing of a large number of industries.
(b) Dilution of the role of public sector
(c) Opening up foreign investment
(d) Relaxation of MRTP Act.

Subsequent changes in industrial policy have been, by and large, extension of the above and enactment of competition Act, FEMA, import liberalisation, convertibility of rupee and further opening up foreign investment in tune with WTO making Indian industry global. Industrial growth in India is measured on the basis of IIP which has nearly 80 percent weight of the manufacturing sector. Initial euphoria of liberalisation resulted in robust industrial growth in the 8th Five Year Plan (1992-1997) during which the growth rate peaked to 13 percent in 1995-96.

UPSC Calendar 2014

UPSC  (Union Public Service Commissionhas published a latest calendar in which upcoming exam dates are mentioned. the exam schedule for UPSC 2014:

S.No.Name Of ExaminationDate Of Exam
1RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM05.01.2014 (Sunday)
2SCRA Exam12.01.2014 (Sunday)
3C.D.S Exam (I)09.02.2014 (Sunday)
4N.D.A. & N.A. EXAM.(I)22.04.2014 (Sunday)
5RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM02.03.2014 (Sunday)
6I.E.S./ I.S.S. EXAM24.05.2014 (Saturday)
7GEOLOGISTS’ EXAM
8CISF AC(EXE) LDCE01.06.2014 (Sunday)
9ENGINEERING SERVICES EXAMINATION20.06.2014(Friday)
10COMBINED MEDICAL SERVICES EXAM22.06.2014 (Sunday)
11RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM06.07.2014(Sunday)
12CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES (AC)13.07.2014 (Sunday)
13RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM17.08.2014 (Sunday)
14CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMINARY) EXAM24.08.2014 (Sunday)
15INDIAN FOREST SERVICE (Preliminary) EXAM, through CS [P] Exam24.08.2014 (Sunday)
16N.D.A. & N.A. EXAM.(II)28.09.2014 (Sunday)
17RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM12.10.2014 (Sunday)
18C.D.S. EXAM.(II)26.10.2014 (Sunday)
19INDIAN FOREST SERVICE (MAIN) EXAM22.11.2014 [Saturday]
20CIVIL SERVICES (MAIN) EXAM14.12.2014 (Sunday)
21S.O./STENO (GD-B/GD-I) LTD. DEPTTL. COMPETITIVE EXAM27.12.2014 (Saturday)

UPSC JOBS FOR ENGINEERS AND DOCTORS : UPSC Advt No 15/2013 - Last Date : 31-10-2013.

UPSC Advt No 15/2013 – Apply Online for 73 Various Vacancies: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has issued notification for the recruitment of Chief Design Engineer, Russian Steno, Asst Professor and other Vacancies. Eligible candidates may apply online on or before 31-10-2013. 
Age Limit: Candidates upper age limit should not exceed 55 years for Post No. 15, 53 years for Post No.16, 17, 50 years for Post No.1, 48 years for post No. 3 & 8, 45 years for Post No. 4, 5, 6, 7 & 9 , 40 years for Post No. 12, 13, 38 years for Post No. 14 & 18 and should not exceed 30 years for Post No.2. Age limit should be reckoned as on closing date of submission of application. Age relaxation will be applicable as per the rules.
UPSC Vacancy Details:

Union Public Service Commission Recruitment 2013 - Advertisement No.15/2013 - Last date online 31.10.2013

Union Public Service Commission, 
New Delhi

UPSC Advertisement No.15/2013 for Chief Design Engineer, Russian Language Steno, Professors and Asst Directors

Advt No.15/2013
Advt date 12.10.2013
Last date online 31.10.2013

Posts :
  • Chief Design Engineer for National Sugar Institute, Kanpur, Ministry of Consumer Affairs - 1 Post - PB4 GP 8700 - ME / MTech Mechanical Engineering with 3 years experience

  • Russian Steno Grade 1 for Armed Forces HQ, Ministry of Defence - 1 Post - PB2 GP 4600 - UG Russian Language with English or UG English with Diploma in Russian Language - Age 30 years

  • Professor for G.B. Pant Govt Engineering College, Delhi - 6 Posts - PB4 AGP 10000 - Age 50 years

ETHICS INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER DOWNLOAD FROM UPSC

Sample Questions GS Ethics Paper

Sample Questions GS Ethics Paper

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released sample questions of the newly introduced paper on Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude for the Civil Services Examination 2013. The sample questions are now available on the website www.upsc.gov.in.
PAPER V - ETHICS, INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE
Candidates may please note that the sample questions below are indicative but not exhaustive. The range and depth of questions that would be asked may differ.

SAMPLE QUESTION NO. 1 
What do you understand by ‘ Ethical Human Conduct’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent?

SAMPLE QUESTION NO. 2
What do you understand by the following terms ? Point out their specific relevance in public service;
(i) Intellectual integrity
(ii) Empathy
(iii) Perseverance
(iv) Spirit of service

Food Security Bill

We are working a lot for poor, we have brought in Right to Work, Right to Education and Right to Food for poor. Is this be moment to be proud of because of the poverty, despite of celebrating the 67th Independence Day, we hold our head with shame as we failed to eliminate poverty. India has the highest number of poor people among the BRICS nations. It is the highest number of malnutrition related cases and child mortality. There was never an introspection why there is poverty in India. If the government really wants to do anything for the poor then it must find the reason of that and provide a permanent solution.

IAS History Books

REFERENCE BOOKS FOR HISTORY PRELIMS :

BOOKS ON ANCIENT INDIA :
1. Wonder that was India - A.L. Bhashem.
2. Ancient India Social and Culture - Luniya
3. Ancient India - an introductory outline - D.N.Jha.
4. An Advanced History of India - R.C. Majumda, H.C. Raychaudhurai, - Kalikinkar Datta
5. Ancient India - L.Mukherjee
BOOKS ON MEDIVAL INDIA
1. Advanced study in the History of Medival India - Volume I, II, III J.L. Mehta
2. Medival India - Volume I & II Satish Chandra
3. Wonder that was India - Rizzvi
4. Medival India - L. Mukherjee
BOOKS ON MODERN INDIA
1. Modern Indian History - Groover & Grooover.
2. A struggle for Independence - Bipin Chandra
3. Freedom Struggle - Bipinchandra
4. Modern India - L. Mukherjee
NCERT BOOKS

Ancient History - SUNGAS

The Sunga rule, extending a little over a century, is in interlude in the history of India. There is nothing extraordinary about the political events associated with the Sungas. The significance of their history, on the other hand, primarily consists in the place they occupy in the social and cultural history of India.
The founder of the dynasty, Pushyamitra Sunga, overthrew the Mauryas; either in 187 B.C. or 184 B.C. After him there were nine other rulers. Among them, Agnimitra, Vasumitra, Bhagvata and Devabhumi were the prominent ones. The names of the first two were associated with some events in political history, whereas the latter two were known for their long rule, they being 32 and 10 years respectively.
There is some controversy about the identity of Pushyamitra Sunga. It was stated in a Sutra that he belonged to a family of teachers. Patanjali claims that he was a brahminor the Bhardwaja gotra. Ivyavadana stated that the Sungas were related to the Mauryas. A Malavikagnimitram refers to them as brahmins belonging to Kashyap gotra.

Ancient History - HISTORY AND IMPACT OF Indo-Greeks

Ancient History - HISTORY AND IMPACT OF Indo-Greeks
After Alexander the Great, the greed seleukidan dynasty of Persia held on to the trans-Indus region. After seleukos Nikator was defeated by Chanragupta Maurya in 303 B.C. the trans-Indus region was transferred to the Mauryas. In mid third century B.C. the seleukidan rule was ended by two peoples. In Iran the parthiar became independent and their sassanians in 226 A.D. In like manner the greeks of Bactria rose in revolt under the leadership of Diodotus. These Greeks were later known as Indo-Greeks when they gained a foot-hold in the Indian sub-continent.
Bactria situated between the Hindu Kush and the oxus, was a fertile region and it controlled the trade routes from Gandhara to the West. The greek settlement in Bactria began in the 5th century B.C. when Persian emperors settled the Greek exiles in that area.
Bactria figured in history with the revolt of diodotus against Antiochus the seleukidan king.

ANCIENT HISTORY - POST-MAURYAN PERIOD (20BC - 300AD) - ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

In the post-Mauryan era (200 BC. To 300 A.D.) the economy moved at an accelerated tempo. Society witnessed structural reorientation as significant groups of foreigners penetrated into India and chose to be identified with the rest of the community.
The occupation of craftsmen was an important segement of the day's socio-economic milieu. The craftsment were not only associated with the towns but also villages like Karimnagar in the Telengana region of Andhra Pradesh. The categories of craftsmen who were known in this period bear out the truth that there was considerable specialization in mining and metallurgy. A large number of iron artifacts have been discovered at various excavated sites relating to the Kushan and Satavahans Periods. It is surprising to notice that the Telengana region appears to have made special progress in iron artifacts - not only weapons but also balance rods, sickles, ploughshares, razors and ladels have been found in the Karimnagar and Nalgonda districts. Also, cutlery made out of iron and steel was exported to the Abyssinian ports.

Ancient History : The splendour of the 'Dark Centuries'

The splendour of the 'Dark Centuries'


The five centuries which passed between the decline of the first great Indian empire of the Mauryas and the emergence of the great classical empire of the Guptas has often been described as a dark period in Indian history when foreign dynasties fought each other for short-lived and ephemeral supremacy over Northern India. Apart from Kanishka's Indo-Central Asian empire which could claim to be similar in size and importance to has china, the parthians of Persia and to the contemporary Roman empire this period did lack the glamour of large empires. But this 'dark period' particularly the first two centuries AD was a period of intensive economic and cultural contact among the various parts of the Eurasian continent. Indian played a very active role in stimulating these contacts. Buddhism which has been fostered by Indian rulers since the days of Ashoka was greatly aided by the international connections of the Indo-Greeks and the Kushanas and thus rose to prominence in Central Asia. South India was establishing its important links with the West and with Southeast Asia in this period. These links especially those with southeast Asia, proved to be very important for the future course of Asian history.

Asoka's Dhamma - NEED OF DHARMA

Asoka's Dhamma

NEED OF DHARMA

1. There was considered intellectual ferment around 600 B.C. healthy rivalry was apparent among the number of sects such as the Charvaks, Jains and Ajivikas, whose doctrines ranged from bare materialism to determinism. This intellectual liveliness was reflected in the elected interests of the Mauryan rulers. It was claimed by the Jainas that Chandragupta was supporter and there is evidence that Bindusara favoured the Ajivikas.
Thus, the Empire of Asoka was inhabited by peoples of many cultures who were at many levels of development. The range of customs, beliefs, affinities, antagonisms, tensions and harmonies were galore. True, Magadha and the fringes of these areas. The north was in close contact with the Hellenized culture of Afganisthan and Iran. The far south was on the threshold of a creative efflorescence of Tamil culture. The ruler of such as Empire required the perceptions were addressed to the public at large. It is in these inscriptions that the king expounds his ideas on dhamma.

FOREIGN RELATIONS OF ASOKA

asoka emperor 
Diplomacy and geographical proximity primarily determined the foreign relations maintained by Asoka. Particularly, the century in which, Asoka lived was one of continued interactions between the Eastern Mediterranean and South Asia. That is why most of Asoka's contacts were with South Asia and the West. It appears that this interest was not one sided. A fair number of foreigners lived in Pataliputra to necessitate a special committee under the municipal management to look after the needs of welfare of the visitors. Apart from these major factors determining the foreign relations of Asoka, one more parameter was the desire of Asoka to spread his policy of dhamma to distant lands.
To begin with, Asoka in his foreign relations was a realist defeat and annexation of Kalinga. Also his realism is to be seen in Asoka not annexing the southern kingdoms (Cholas, Pandvas, Satyaputras and Keralaputras) while being satisfied with theirac knowledgement of his suzerainty. He probably felt that it was not worth the trouble to annex the small territories too.

Indus And Vedic Civilisation

Indus And Vedic Civilisation
There is muc to be contrasted between the cultures of the Harappans and the Aryans. There are indeed a few points of similarities, but they are not of any significance. Why the points of contrast are more is primarily because of geographic location, economic activity and the religious practices followed by both the cultures. Far more important is the fact that the Aryans, with a plasticity of mind, made life vibrant; whereas, the Indus life looks more like stylized puppet show.
The plasticity of the Aryan mind was shown in the language as well as the way in which they adapted agricultural and settled life. The seals of the Indus Valley show that the pictographs remained statis, whereas, the Aryan language in the Rig Veda at places rises to musical levels. The success with which the Aryan writings were composed reveals the ability of the Aryan mind to grasp the mulitiple dimensions of human life. And language which exhibits immense potentialities in its vocabulary reveals that the community is full of potentialities. On the other hand, out of nearly 400 characters known to the Harappans only a few were repeated time and again.

Geographical knowledge of the vedic period

The geographical evidence as to be found in the hymns of Vedas thros some light on the course of Indo-Aryan migration and the origin of Hinduism. Whether the Indo-Aryans came from Central Asia or not depends largely on the interpretation of the geographical allusions in the Rig and Yajur Vedas. The hymns in praise of rivers in the 10th blcok are interesting. The author while singing the greatness of the Sindhu enumerates at least 19 rivers including the Ganges. The fifth Stanza gives a list of 10 streams, small and great-Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Satluj, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Maruwardwan (in J&K), Sushoma (Rowalpindi District) and probably Kanshi in the same district. This system of rivers did not remain the Saraswati. The existing delta of the Indus has been formed since the time of Alexander the Great.
The Vedic hymns reveal the initial Aryan settlements in India : western tributaries of the Indus, the Gomti (modern Gomal) the Krumu (modern Kurram) and the Kubha (modern Kabul). The one river mentioned in the North of Kabul is Suvastu (modern swat).

The Earth and the Moon


The moon, being a satellite of the earth, revolves around it. At the same time moon also rotates on its axis and the axis of the moon is more or less parallel to the axis of the earth (the axis of the moon is inclined at the angle of about 58 degree 43 inches with respect to the plane of ecliptic).
The moon has a diameter of about 3480 km and has a mass about 1/81 that of the earth. Like that of the earth the moon’s orbit is also elliptical. At its nearest point to the earth the moon is said to be inperigee, and at its farthest, in apogee. Distance between the earth and the moon varies from about 356,000 km at perigee to about 407,000 km at apogee. As the moon completes one revolution around the earth every month, the perigee and apogee are monthly phenomenon unlike perihelion andaphelion that are annual phenomenon.

Countries with Most Land Borders



China share its borders with 14 countries:
Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Vietnam

Isopleths


These show lines of equal values
ISANOMAL – Isopleth of anomaly
ISARITHM – Any line representing continuous value on maps.
ISOBARS – Lines of equal pressure
ISOHYET – Isopleth of rainfall
ISOBRONTS – Lines joining places experiencing a thunderstorm at the same time.
ISOCHRONES – Lines joining places located at equal travel time from a common center.
ISOPHENE – Isopleths of seasonal phenomena, Ex-flowering dates of plants.
ISOPOTENTIAL – surface to which artesian water can rise.
ISORYMES – Lines of equal frost.

Important Places In India Part VIII

The Mysore Palace (Karnataka): Built in 1897, it was the residence of the Ex-ruler of Mysore state is an imposing structure. It is a good example for the Hoysala art and architectures.
Tiruparankundram
Tiruchi (Tamil Nadu): It is an Educational Centre in Tamil Nadu. Bharat Heavy Electricals limited is established here.
Tiruparankundram (Tamil Nadu): A cave temple near Madurai is one of the famous shrines of Lord Muruga.
Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu): A famous early Chola Vaishnavaite shrine housing a huge stucco image of Varaha holding Bhudevi near Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu.
Tipu’s Fort (Karnataka): The fort is built of mud by kempegowda in 1537; it was rebuilt in stone in 1761 by Hyder Ali. Inside the fort walls is Tipu Sultan’s wooden palace with enough elaborate paint work surviving on the walls, niches, and railing columns to give an idea of its former glory.
Triveni (Uttar Pradesh): Here meet the rivers Ganges, the Yamuna and the mythical Saraswathi. Kumba Mela is celebrated here once in 12 years when the Sun is in Aquarius facing Jupiter in the zodiac sign Leo.
Trithamukh (Tripura): It is a popular pilgrim centre for the Tribal people of Tripura. Thousands of people assemble here in January-February during the festival called Uttarayana Sankranti and have a holy bath in the river Gomati.

Important Places In India Part VII

Salar Jung Museum
Salar Jung Museum (Andhra Pradesh): It is the personnel collection of Mir Yusuf Ali Khan, better known as Salar Jung who had devoted his wealth and leisure to gather out treasures from every walk of life.

Sambhar (Rajasthan): It is a salt lake in Rajasthan. Only lake of its kind in India.
Sanganer (Rajasthan): It is the centre of hand block printing and handmade paper industry.
Sabarmati (Guajarat): It is a place in Gujarat where Gandhiji established a Harijan Ashram. It is also the name of a river in Gujarat.
Sathanur Dam (Tamil Nadu): 22 miles from Tiruvannamalai a vast forest has been turned into a huge reservoir and a dam is a tourist spot.
Satara (Maharashtra): It is a glorious historical city, was capital of Shivaji’s empire in 1699.
Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh): Famous Buddhist stupa;, the diameter of which is 108 ft. was built in ancient times. It is the largest stupa in India.
Sarnath (Madhya Pradesh): It is a Buddhist pilgrim centre. In the Deer Park, Buddha-delivered his first sermon. Famous Ashoka Pillar is located here.

Important Places In India Part VI

Nagpur (Maharashtra): Former capital of Madhya Pradesh now in Maharashtra. Famous for textiles and oranges.
Nagarjuna Konda-Sagar

Nagercoil (Tamil Nadu): There is a temple of snakes or Nagaraja-snake god. The temple is filled with images of snakes and the Dvarapalakas are the snakes guarding the temple.
Nagarjuna Konda-Sagar (Andhra Pradesh): The reservoir is named after Buddhist Phillosopher Acharya Nagarjuna who propounded the Madhyamik school of Mahayana Buddhism.
Naharkhatia (Assam): Place near Digboi in Assam where oil has been struck.
Nainital (Uttarakhand): This lake dotted area of the Kumaon Hills, was the summer capital of Uttar Pradesh. The legend believed is that Goddess Shakti lost her eyes when Lord Shiva was curling her and the spot, where the eyes fell became a lake called ‘naina’ (eyes) Tal (lake) was thus given its name.
Nalanda (Bihar): Here was the famous University and Educational centre of ancient’s times. The Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang visited India in 7th century had mentioned about this University.
Narsobachiwadi (Maharashtra): It is a prominent pilgrimage of Lord Shree Dattatreya, situated near the confluence Krishna and the Panchaganga Rivers.

Important Places In India Part V

Kailasha Temple (Maharashtra): A rock-cut temple in Ellora caves.
Kalpakkam: Near Chennai in Tamil Nadu is known for Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS).
Kanchi or Conjeevaram (Tamil Nadu): This was the famous capital of Pallavas and is situated near Channai. Famous ancient temples here are well-known for its architecture.
Kandala (Maharashtra): It is a popular mountain resort in Maharashtra. Nestling in the Western Ghats it is an ideal resort for a peaceful holiday.
Kandla (Guajarat): The Kandla port is the main gateway for the trade of north-west India.
Kanheri (Mumbai): Situated near Mumbai, the famous spot of the ancient Buddhist caves of 1st Century A.D.

Government of Tamil Nadu - All India Civil Services Coaching Centre 2014 Entrance Exam Notifications : Last date 15.10.2013

Government of Tamil Nadu
All India Civil Services Coaching Centre, Chennai 28
Anna Institute of Management

Application invited for CAST 2014 Free* Coaching Class

Advt No.DIPR/1125/Display/2013
Advt date 15.09.2013
Last date 15.10.2013
Entrance Exam date 10.11.2013 time 10.30 am
www.civilservicecoaching.com
Applications are invited from candidates of Tamil Nadu, desirous to undergo coaching for UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2014.Free coaching and boarding is available for residential stream (except GEN Category).

Residential (Full time) Class - 200 seats (Free)
Non-residential (Part time) class - 100 seats (Fee Rs.3000)
Qly : any UG - age min.21 yrs ; max GEN 30; BC/MBC 33 ; SC/ST 35
Entrance Exam Centres : Chennai, Chidambaram, Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Madurai, Salem, Sivagangai, Thanjavur, Trichy, Thirunelveli, and Vellore.

Important Places In India Part IV

Hampi 

Haldighat (Uttar Pradesh): A famous mountain passes where rana Pratap fought Mughal forces led by Man Singh and Asaf Khan.

Hampi (Karnataka): In Karnataka State is the location of ruins of Vijaynagar. The capital of famous Vijaynagar Empire.
Hardwar (UttaraKhand): It is at the base of the Siwalik Hills, where the Ganges River coming down from the Himalayas passes and enters the plains. The Daksha Mahadev Temple, 4 km downstreams in Hardwar is the most important temple.
Hirakud (Orissa): Twenty six kilometers from one end to the other on the river Mahanadi is Hirakud the longest mainstream dam in the world.

Important Places In India Part III

Dalal Street: Stock exchange Market in Mumbai.
Dalmianagar (Jharkhand): Cement manufacturing.
Dandi (Gujarat): It is famous for Salt Satyagraha (Dandi March) staged by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.
Darjeeling (West Bengal): Famous for tea, orange and cinchona, fine hill station, famous for its scenic beauty.
Daulatabad (Maharashtra): The fort previously called Devagiri is believed to have constructed by the Yadava Kings in 1338. The fort is very impregnable.
Dayalbagh (Uttar Pradesh): Near Agra; known for Dayalbagh Industrial Institute, shoe manufacture. Religious and cultural seat of a section of the Hindus.
Dehu (Maharashtra): Dehu, a town on the banks of the river Indrayani is the birth place of the famous saint-poet Tukaram whose ‘Abhangas’ have a pride of place in Marathi literature.
Dehradun (Uttarakhand): It is the gateway to the Garhwal Himachal such as Badrinath and Joshimath. The Forest Research Institute is situated here.
Delhi: India’s capital. The Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, The Qutub Minar, the Rajghat (Mahatma Gandhi’s Samadhi), the Humayun’s tomb, Shanti Van (where Prime Minister Nehru was cremated), are located here. It established by Tomaras in 736 A.D.
Dhanbad (Jharkhand): Famous for coal mines and the Indian School of Mines, National Fuel Research Institute.
Dhariwal (Punjab): It is famous for woolen goods.
Dibrugarh (Assam): It is a town in Assam and the Terminus of rail and river communications along the Brahmaputra from Calcutta.

Important Places In India Part II

Bahubali (Maharashtra): A pilgrim center for jains, of both Svetambar and Digambar Jains; there is a giant idol of Shree Bahubali the son of Bhagwan Adinath, the first Tirthankar.
Bangalore (Karnataka): It is the capital city of Karnataka State and an important industrial centre. The places worth-seeing are Vidhan Saudha, Lal Bagh gardens, etc. The BHEL, HAL, IIM are situated here.
Barauni (North Bihar): Famous for a big oil refinery.
Bardoli (Gujarat): Bardoli in Gujarat State has occupied a permanent place in Indian History for no-tax payment campaign launched by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel against the British rule.
Baroda (Gujarat): Baroda, (Vadodara) the capital of former Baroda State is one of the main towns in Gujarat State. Laxmi Vilas Palace is a tourist attraction.
Belur (West Bengal): Near Calcutta, famous for a monastery founded by Swami Vivekananda; a beautiful temple dedicated to Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa. It is also known for paper industry. There is another place of the same name in Karnataka, it is a famous pilgrim centre known for Channa Keshava Temple.
Belgaum (Karnataka): It is a border town in Karnataka State. It has remained a place of dispute between Maharashtra and Karnataka States.

Important Places In India Part I


Abu, Mount (Rajasthan): Hill station in Rajasthan; contains famous Dilwara Jain Temple and Training College for the Central Reserve Police.
Adam’s Bridge: Very nearly joined to India between two point’s viz. Mannar Peninsula and Dhanushkodi by a line of sand banks and rocks called Adam’s Bridge.
Adyar (Tamil Nadu): A Suburb of Chennai, headquarters of the Theosophical Society.
Afghan Church (Mumbai): It is built in 1847 known as St. John’s Church. It is dedicated to the British soldiers who died in the Sind and Afghan campaign of 1838 and 1843.
Aga Khan Palace: In Pune where Mahatma Gandhi was kept interned with his wife Kasturba Gandhi. Kasturbha died in this palace.
Agra (Uttar Pradesh): Famous for Taj Mahal, Fort and Pearl mosque. Sikandra, the tomb of Akbar, is situated here. It is also a centre of leather industry.
Ahmednagar (Maharashtra): It was founded by Ahmed Nizam Shahi. It is the district headquarters of Ahmednagar district. It is an industrial town well known for its handloom and small scale industries.
Ahmadabad (Gujarat): Once capital of Gujarat. A great cotton textile centre of India. Anti-reservation riots rocked the city in April 1985.
Ajmer (Rajasthan): It has Mayo College and the tomb of Khwaja Moinud-din Chishti, which is a pilgrim centre for Muslims; Pushkar Lake, a place of Hindu pilgrimage, is about two miles from here.
Aliabet: Is the site of India’s first off-shore oil well-nearly 45 km from Bhavnagar in Gujarat State. On March 19, 1970, the Prime Minister of India set a 500-tonne rig in motion to inaugurate “Operation Leap Frog” at Aliabet.
Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh): Seat of Muslim University, manufacture locks, scissors, knives and dairy products.
Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh):

AGRO-FORESTRY PART II

From the agriculture perspective:

1. Diversification of the activities of arable farmers, with the building-up of an inheritance of multi-purpose trees, with continuous revenue from farm.


2. Protection of intercrops and animals by the trees, which have a windbreak effect, providing shelter from the sun, rain, wind, soil erosion and stimulating soil microfauna and microflora.

3. Recycling of some of the leached or drained nutrients by the deep roots of the trees; enrichment of the soil organic matter by tree litter and by the residue of the trees.

4. Possibility of combining the interest of the farmer (for an inheritance of wood) and the farm (for access to cultivated land). Possible increased remuneration for the arable farmer for the trees.

5. An alternative to full reforestation of arable land, permitting the continuation of arable activity on land whose arable potential otherwise is conserved. The tree component can be reversed, the plot stays "clean" (free from scrub) and is easy to destump when the trees are clear felled (the stumps are in lines and few in number).

6. In silvipastoral plots, fodder units can be available at different periods compared to full cropped plots, extending the grazing calender.


From the forestry perspective:

Doklam Plateau Issue

The region falls within Bhutanese Territory. India and Bhutan 2007 Friendship Treaty, Which provide regulations for border dispute Th...