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List of Vitamins

List of Vitamins
Vitamin A, B₁, B₂, B₃, B₅, B₆, B₉, B₁₂, C, D, E, H, K and P.
  Water soluble vitamins are destroyed by overcooking. They are easily washed out during food storage and preparation.
S.No
Biochemical Function
Biochemical Function Effects
Deficiency Effects
Sources
Fat- soluble vitamins
1.
Vitamin A (Retinol)
Protects eyes, prevents night blindness
Light sensitivity, night blindness
Fish , liver, eggs, butter cheese, carrots
2.
Vitamin D (Calciferol)
Essential in building strong bones
Rickets
Cod liver oil, spinach, sunlight
3.
Vitamin E( a –tocopherol)
 Antioxidant, maintains RBC membranes
Oedema, anemia, sterility
Egg yolk, meat, nuts green vegetables, wheatgerm oil
4.
Vitamin K (Phylloquinone)
Aids in clotting of blood
Slow clotting of food
Cauliflower, leafy vegetables

Water-soluble vitamins
1.
 Vitamin B₁ (Thiamine) 
Carbohydrate metabolism, proper functioning of heart
Beri-beri
Milk, nuts, cereal grains legumes
2.
Vitamin B₃ (Niacin)
Metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats
Pellagra
Yeast,  liver, peanuts, soyabeans , potatoes
3.
Vitamin B₅
Synthesis of heme, fatty acids, amino acids, cholesterol
Retarded growth
Yeast, mushrooms, egg-yolk, nuts, liver
4.
 Vitamin B₆
Production of antibodies
Increased susceptibility to infections
Egg, liver, yeast, peas, beans , milk
5.
Vitamin B₉ (Folic acid)
Formation of red blood cells
Anemia
Liver, kidney, mushrooms, yeast, green leafy vegetables
6.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
Resists disease, protects bones, teeth and gums,  heals wounds
Scurvy
Citrus fruits, tomatoes, green pepper, cabbage, cauliflower
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